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Bluegill Fish

Information on Bluegill Fish

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This bluegill is beside a $5 bill to show its size.

This bluegill is beside a $5 bill to show its size.

2006 Ronnie Garrison licensed to About.com
Bluegill - (Lepomis macrochirus)(picture) are our most common game fish sunfish. They are easy to catch and can be found just about anywhere there is freshwater.

  • Bluegill Fish Descripton - A round shapped fish that is highly variable color ranges from dark blue or almos tpurple to yellow, with six to eight verticle bars on the sides and a red to orange belly. There is abroad , round black flap on the back of the gill cover. The colors are very vivid in the males when they are spawning.

  • Bluegill Fish Size - World record is 4 pounds, 12 ounces and was caught in 1950. Most will run from six to eight inches long as adults and weigh 1/4 to 1/2 pound.

  • Bluegill Fish Distribution - Native to the eastern half of the US and northeast Mexico, bluegill have been transplanted all over North America, Europe and South Africa. Bluegill can live in brackish waters, too.

  • What Bluegill Eat - Anything they can get in their mouth, including insects, worms, small minnows and crayfish. They can be caught on all kinds of live bait including crickets, earthworms, meal worms, freshwater shrimp and small minnows. Artificials good for bluegill include small spinners and jigs as well as all kinds of dry and wet flies.

  • Bluegill Spawn - When water is over 65 degrees on the full moon bluegill will spawn. They will spawn every full moon from March to September in some southern states and year round in Florida.

  • Bluegill Attraction to Light - They will come to lights on docks at night to feed on insects attracted by the light.

  • Bluegill Life Cycle - Bluegill spawn in shallow sandy areas in the spring. They can be caught on a varitey of tackle when spawning.

  • Bluegill Problems - They will overcrowd a pond or small body of water unless thinned out by predators or fishermen. To have big bluegill you must keep the population low enough so they don't become overcrowded.
Bluegill are a good food fish to stock in ponds an they can be found in most waters from streams to rivers, lakes and swamps. They fight hard - so hard some claim if they weighed five pounds bass tackle would not handle them.
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