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Finding Biting Fish Under the Ice

How To Find Biting Fish Under the Ice

By

Drilling Holes for Ice Fishing

The modern troller - Ice Troller - searches for fish on the hardwater like a boat covers water over the waves. Here, the author Tony Roach pops a long string of holes with a powerful yet lightweight StrikeMaster Lazer Pro.

2009 - www.strikemaster.com licensed to About.com
When you spend your winters guiding on a huge lake like Central Minnesota's Mille Lacs, doing all the things it takes to find biting fish under the ice can test your resolve. There's only one way to find the fish under the ice - drilling lots and lots of holes.

My guides and I sometimes spend entire days doing nothing but searching-one guy drills, another dude scans with an underwater camera. Often, we'll grind out three or four hundred holes in the space of a 9 hour day. It isn't always pretty, and more often than not, the best way to find fish isn't the easiest way. But man does it pay off. We can usually stay well ahead of the crowds, keeping big schools of untouched fish to ourselves for days at a time.

While most of our time goes toward the pursuit of walleyes and perch, the things I'm going to tell you apply to pretty much any fish swimming below the ice.

Fish Move

I mentioned the "pay off," and wanted to share a little snapshot from last winter's fishing. During a particular 9-day stretch in January, I'd been quietly picking away at a huge flock of walleyes on a spacious deepwater hump. The fish were there, but every day was different. The fish made little daily movements around and over the hump, based mostly on baitfish location, light level, and more than likely, fishing pressure exerted by our own group.

Fish like walleyes and perch move in the winter-in fact, they move a lot. Thing is, though, they're not traveling from one end of the lake to the other. Still, on big water like Mille Lacs, daily movements can certainly span several hundred yards to perhaps a mile. And of course, schools move to different depths and locales several times within a 24-hour period.

So we'd begin each day picking up where we'd left off the previous day. My guides and I would drill in opposite directions, each zigzagging up and down from the deep edge, to the drop off, to well up on the shallow flat. After banging out 20 to 30 holes in one direction, which would take about 10-minutes, we'd go back, grab rods and begin quickly fishing through each hole. We jigged Northland Buck-Shot Rattle Spoons for no more than 5 minutes per hole before moving on down the "trolling path." If we were working an individual walleye on our flasher, we might stay a few extra minutes to trigger that fish. Still, having laid down entire path of holes, it was so much more efficient to keep moving and search for biters.

So if we flashed a fish in one hole, but couldn't trigger it, we made a little sign in the snow next to the hole, and return later to hopefully catch it. Really, this is as close to trolling on ice as it gets, and you'd better believe that it's every bit as effective for contacting active fish-especially during those otherwise tough midday hours.

Don't Give Up

Having iced close to 40 fish the previous day, I approached the spot and saw a group of shelters stationed off the tip of the hump. As I talked to these anglers about their lack of success, it was interesting to note their six augers, lying unused on the ice. Obviously, the school had moved, but I figured they'd still be close. The guys told me how they'd drilled "a bunch of holes" all over, but the fish just weren't here.

Moving a little ways down the break-maybe 150 yards-I popped 20 more holes. On my second drop, I connected with a 29-inch walleye. With a peek over my shoulder, I slipped the fish back and bailed, saving the spot for later that afternoon. Still, I couldn't help thinking about that group of fishermen-if only they'd kept drilling and not given up.

Which just goes to illustrate an important point regarding ice trolling: while it certainly is a systematic game, more often than not, the only way to find fish is to just keep drilling and scanning with electronics. My motto is, 'enough holes are never enough until fish are found.'

Ice Trolling Method

The ice trolling system begins with my GPS. Following contours on my LakeMaster mapping software, I lay down a "trolling route" in the snow first-running the edge with a snow machine or on foot, tracing out the boundaries of the structure. Then, I simply go back through, following my tracks, snatch the StrikeMaster, and cut more holes.

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